deutsch

John Heartfield

Berlin 1891 - Berlin 1968


John Heartfield, a versatile and prolific artist, was born Helmut Herzfelde in Berlin in 1891. At the tender age of seven he lost both parents. In 1905-06 he served an apprenticeship as a bookseller in Wiesbaden before going to Munich to study at the "Kunstgewerbeschule" from 1908 to 1911. After a brief interval as a graphic artist in Mannheim, Helmut Herzfelde returned to Berlin. There he studied once again, at the "Kunst- und Handwerkerschule", until 1914, when the first world war broke out. In 1915-16 he was inducted for active service into the German armed forces. In 1916 Helmut Herzfelde was so incensed at the anti-British feeling in Germany that he protested by changing his name to John Heartfield, using this pseudonym for the rest of his career. That same year, 1916, John Heartfield and his brother founded the Malik Verlag publishing house in Berlin; John Heartfield was responsible for the graphics for its publications.
In 1917 John Heartfield became a follower of the Dada movement in Berlin and that same year he joined the German Communist Party (KPD). He met George Grosz, who, like Heartfield, worked for the leftwing satirical publications "Die Pleite" and "Der Knüppel".
From 1924 to 1933 John Heartfield designed illustrations for the "Arbeiter Illustrierte Zeitung", the Communist Party mouthpiece.
John Heartfield developed an experimental approach to the graphic arts. He often worked with photomontage, using the medium to create pictures that made extraordinarily powerful statements. Under the influence of George Grosz, John Heartfield went on from there to develop the political photomontage. From 1920 John Heartfield designed his first stage sets for Erwin Piscator and Max Reinhardt. In 1929 Heartfield contributed photomontages to Kurt Tucholsky's "Deutschland, Deutschland über alles".
In 1933 John Heartfield went into exile in Prague. In 1938 he reached London, where among other things he designed book covers for Penguin Books. Returning to Germany in 1950, John Heartfield designed stage sets, working for Bertold Brecht and other directors.


Hermann Nitsch - O.M. Theater (Box)
Hermann Nitsch
O.M. Theater (Box)
13,320 $
Details
Henri Matisse - Florilège des Amours de Ronsard
Henri Matisse
Florilège des Amours de Ronsard
11,100 $
Details
Max Beckmann - Stadtnacht. Vorzugsausgabe mit zusätzl. separater Folge
Max Beckmann
Stadtnacht. Vorzugsausgabe mit zusätzl. separater Folge
9,990 $
Details
Heinrich Zille - Komm, Karlineken, komm!
Heinrich Zille
Komm, Karlineken, komm!
6,660 $
Details
Salvador Dalí - Faust
Salvador Dalí
Faust
6,660 $
Details
Dorothea Tanning - Demain
Dorothea Tanning
Demain
5,550 $
Details
Paul Valéry - Les Bucoliques de Virgile
Paul Valéry
Les Bucoliques de Virgile
5,550 $
Details
Salvador Dalí - Dante, La Divina Commedia
Salvador Dalí
Dante, La Divina Commedia
4,995 $
Details

Advertisement
Auction Spotter Logo
The most important art auctions from all over the world at a glance!

Discover it for free
Advertisement
Fine Art Auction
show
&
bid!
pfeil


Katharina Grosse
Starting bid: 20,000 EUR

Privacy Policy Contact